Last Thursday, Apple launched the final version of (MacOS Big Sur) – also known as MacOS 11 – which is the latest version of the operating system for its laptops and desktops, and it comes with a new, improved design, and includes many new features to provide a good user experience.
(MacOS Big Sur) is the first version of the Mac OS that uses the new M1 processor, and Apple says: “The combination of (Big Sur) and (M1) processor elevates the Mac. To a whole new level, bringing you amazing capabilities, best efficiency, and more applications than ever before.
The system (macOS Big Sur) introduces a new design – inspired by the iOS system – that makes navigation easier, and includes some new features, including: The largest update to the (Safari) browser since its first launch in 2003, as the browser has become faster and more private, in addition to To update the Maps and Messages application, and to include many new tools that allow users to customize their experience.
Here’s how to install macOS Big Sur on a Mac:
First; There are a few points that you should keep in mind before starting to install the system, including:
1- Check that your device is compatible with macOS Big Sur:
You can install the new (macOS Big Sur) system from Apple on any of the following Mac models, according to Apple:
- MacBook from 2015 release and later.
- MacBook Air 2013 and later.
- MacBook Pro late 2013 and later.
- Mac mini 2014 release and later.
- iMac from 2014 release and later.
- iMac Pro from 2017 release and later.
- Mac Pro from 2013 release and later.
To check the version of your Mac, you can follow these steps:
– Go to the Apple menu.
– Click on the option (About This Mac).
– Click the Overview tab, and you will see the device’s version and specifications.
2- Verify that there is enough free storage space:
If the upgrade is from (macOS Sierra) or later, (macOS Big Sur) requires 35.5 GB of storage space for the upgrade. If the upgrade is from an older version, the new system requires up to 44.5 GB of storage space.
To find out how much storage space is available on your Mac computer, you can follow these steps:
– Click the Apple menu, located in the upper-left corner.
– Click on the (About This Mac) option in the dropdown menu.
– Click on the Storage tab in the pop-up window, you will see a bar, each part of which is an estimate of the storage space for each category of files.
– For some more storage recommendations; Click on the Manage button on the top of the ribbon.
3- Create a backup copy:
Before downloading and installing any macOS update, it is recommended that you backup your data, to avoid any unexpected error during installation.
It provides you with a built-in Mac backup tool; Known as (Time Machine), the ability to do this easily, and there are other ways to keep a backup copy, including: Using cloud storage services, or applications from third parties.
Second; How to install macOS Big Sur on your computer:
If you upgrade from (macOS Catalina 10.15) or (Mojave 10.14), you can get the (macOS Big Sur) version through the following steps:
– Go to the Apple menu.
– Click on the option (System Preferences) System Preferences.
– Click on the option (Software Update) Software Update.
– Click on Upgrade Now, then follow the instructions that appear on the screen.
If the upgrade is from an older version, there is another method:
– Go to (Mac App Store) Mac App Store, then search for (Big Sur).
– Or use this link to open the (macOS Big Sur) page in the Mac App Store, then click the (GET) button to start the download.
– After the download process is complete – which may take several hours; Because the system file size is over 12 GB – the installer will open automatically.
– Click on the option (Continue), and follow the instructions on the screen.
It is worth noting that there are some problems that appeared after installing the macOS Big Sur system on old Mac computers; To find out, you can check out the article: “macOS Big Sur disables old MacBook Pro computers”.
So it is definitely good to think whether it is better for you to install the system now or wait for the next update to be released that overcomes these problems, if you have important applications that you should use in your work, and you are not ready to bear the initial errors and performance issues, wait until Apple releases the next update at least.