It is unlikely that the president-elect (Joe Biden) will reverse the challenge posed by the president (Donald Trump) against Chinese technology, but Biden is likely to be more targeted in his approach and collaborate with allies, according to the experts.
During his presidency, Trump has sought to challenge the Chinese tech industry through sanctions, executive orders, and other measures, and Biden is likely to continue such a policy.
Trump disrupted the status quo that had existed between the United States and China for decades, and his administration took a number of measures against major Chinese technology companies.
The Trump administration blacklisted Huawei in the United States known as the Entity List last year.
This led to restricting, and in some cases preventing, its access to American technology, such as Google’s Android operating system, which is the system on which Huawei smartphones depend.
As a result, sales of Huawei’s smartphones have taken a hit, and the United States has also moved to block Huawei from obtaining supplies of major semiconductors, which have been an area of focus for the Trump administration.
The US Department of Commerce added SMIC, the core company in the Chinese effort to be more chip-friendly, to its blacklist in mid-December.
The approach to blocking Chinese technology companies could continue under Biden, with the new US administration seeing the technology as a major source of competition, and some of Trump’s approaches to blocking the flow of biotech to China might continue.
The fundamental difference would be that the operation would be more collaborative with the private sector and allies, and more focused on a narrower set of technologies.
The Biden administration will likely work with allies on its strategy regarding Chinese technology, so that the Biden team may clarify what needs to be controlled in emerging and foundational technology areas.
This may include artificial intelligence and quantum computing, which are the next generation of computing that uses quantum physics to solve problems that today’s computers take years to solve.
A control team with less technology will likely prefer high fences around which technologies to protect for national security reasons, along with a clearer definition of technologies critical to national security.
Biden is also likely to continue Trump’s efforts to exclude Chinese vendors from 5G networks.
One thing is certain: the technical battle between the United States and China will continue under Biden, and the United States does not have many options, that it either allows China to dominate the world through technology or challenges it.